The Effectiveness of Strength-Based Therapy in Improving Self-Esteem and Reducing Suicidal Thoughts of Women Affected by Domestic Violence in Ardebil

Document Type : qualitative and quantitative studies


1 MD of family Counseling, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardebil, Iran

3 Department of psychology, University of Allameh Tabatabaei , Tehran , Iran

4 MSc, Department of Clinical Psychology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5 MD of Rehabilitation Counseling, Faculty of Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran


Aim: The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of the strength-based intervention on self-esteem and suicidal thoughts in women victims of domestic violence in Ardabil. Methods: The current research was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest waiting list group design. The statistical population included all women injured by domestic violence who visited Hayat and Shafaq psychology clinic. In this study, 30 eligible patients were selected and randomly divided the participants into two groups: a family therapy counseling (n=15 people) and a control group (n=15 people). The experimental group was taught methods and techniques of strengths-based strategies for eight 90-minute sessions. The experimental and control groups were asked to fillout the pre-test and post-test questionnaires of the mental health and suicidal ideation scale. All statistical analysis was performed in SPSS version 26. Results: Compared to the control group, the experimental group with the strength-based therapeutic intervention was able to more effectively increase self-esteem scores and reduce suicidal thoughts at P<0.001. . The results showed a significant difference between the experimental and control groups regarding increasing self-esteem and reducing suicidal thoughts. Conclusion: The results showed that using the strength approach increases the self-esteem of women injured by domestic violence and reduces their suicidal thoughts. Therefore, strength-based therapy is recommended for women affected by domestic violence to increase self-esteem and reduce suicidal thoughts.


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