Identifying the Factors of Satisfaction/Dissatisfaction Caused by the Beginning of Women's Employment After Marriage (From the Perspective of Spouses)

Document Type : qualitative and quantitative studies


1 Consulting group. Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences. Mohaghegh Ardabili University. Ardabil. Iran

2 Dpartment of Counseling, Factuly Psychology and Education, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran

3 Department of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology dnd Educational Science, Allameh Tabataba’i University University, Tehran, Iran


Aim: Today, many reasons have led to the widespread acceptance from married women towards employment. The growth of women's education level compared to the past, the desire for more economic prosperity, free time and the desire to have social activities are among these reasons. However, economic inflation and men's insufficient income for living is the most important reason for women's employment after marriage. The present research was conducted in 1401 on a community of families living in Tehran, where women started working after marriage. Method: The research method was qualitative and grounded theory, and the research tool was a semi-structured and in-depth interview. The data reached saturation with the participation of 19 couples. Results: From the analysis of the conducted interviews, the factors of creating satisfaction/dissatisfaction along with the contexts, facilitators, and interveners and their consequences, as well as the strategies that spouses use to achieve satisfaction from the phenomenon of employment after marriage were obtained. Discussion: The main category finally concluded that spouses' satisfaction/dissatisfaction with women's employment after marriage is based on the quality of the marital relationship and the existence of support resources of the family of origin. Conclusion: The results of current research can be used to adaptively confront the changes resulting from the phenomenon of employment after marriage, and to enrich the relationships of spouses as much as possible and, as a result the stability of families can be extracted from the practical strategies of the model obtained.