Family Process and Domestic Violence among Iranian Families during COVID-19 Outbreak: A Cross-sectional Study

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD, Assistant professor of Counselling, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Educational Psychology & Counseling, College of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

3 PhD student in counseling, University of Tehran ,Aras International Campus, University of Tehran.

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology and Counseling, Faculty of Humanities, Arak University, Arak, Iran.

5 Department of Counseling, Faculty of Humanities, Hazrat-e Masoumeh University, Qom, Iran

6 ePhD, student, Department of Curriculum Development & Instruction Methods, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Tehran University, Tehran


Introduction: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the Covid-19 Outcomes with family processes and domestic violence. Methods: 937 participants were recruited through available and snowball sampling and completed the questionnaires. Results: The results indicated that people who feel they are less likely to develop COVID-19 and probably will get recovered if they get infected are more likely to have general and physical violence. Violence was lower in people who thought they were less likely to recover from the disease and those who had a little pleasant experience of quarantine than in others. families who thought they are not likely to have COVID-19 infection and thought they were more likely to recover, had higher communication and problem-solving skills than others. Coping skills, cohesion, respect, and religious orientation were also higher in families with moderate risk of COVID-19 disease than in families with low risk. Families who consider the likelihood of getting infected and recovering from COVID-19 as a medium had higher coping skills, were more cohesive, respected each other, and had a higher religious orientation than families who considered the possibility of getting infected low and recovering to be high. Communication skills and problem-solving skills were higher in families who had a pleasant experience from quarantine Coping skills and cohesion/respect were higher in families who worked together for less than 2 hours. Religious orientation was higher in families with doctoral and master's degrees. Discussion: The results can be used in epidemics to keep health in families.