The Role of Childhood Abuse in Predicting Core and Compensatory Schemas among University Students

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Counseling, Faculty of Humanities, Hazrat-e Masoumeh University, Qom, Iran

2 PhD student of health Psychology at Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran

3 Department of Psychology, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran.



This study aims to predict core and compensatory schemas based on childhood abuse. Four hundred and twenty-two students were selected from three universities in Tehran (Iran) through cluster random sampling from May to July 2019. The Child Abuse Self-Report Questionnaire (Nourbakhsh, 2103), and the Young Schema Questionnaire (Young, 1998) were utilized. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 25 and the model was analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient and multivariate regression with the stepwise method in a descriptive correlational study. The results showed that all the components of childhood abuse had a significant effect on the core schemas. Also, some types of childhood abuse (physical, emotional, and neglect) had positive significant effects on compensatory schemas. Moreover, neglect and emotional abuse (β = 0.46, P<0.05) had the greatest impact on the core schemas, and emotional abuse (β = 0.35, P<0.05) had the greatest impact on the compensatory schemas. The results of this study could have therapeutic implications for psychotherapists working with childhood abuse survivors and schema therapists.


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