Effectiveness of Brief Empathic Dynamic Psychotherapy on Emotional Expression and Reduction of Anxious Attachment Style in Students

Document Type : Original Article


1 psychology Department. Azad Zanjan

2 Shahriari department,faculty of humanities and arts , islamic azad university of zanjan, zanjan,iran


Emotional expressiveness and attachment styles are among the psychological variables that may be of so great importance in different groups in terms of psychological pathology and the effect of psychological therapies on these variables should be considered. In this regard, the aim of this study was to present the effectiveness of brief empathic dynamic psychotherapy on emotional expression and attachment style due to anxiety in Amol students. The research design was experimental studies with quasi-experimental design and pre-test-post-test with the control group. The statistical population of the study included all students of Amol universities in the first half of the academic year 2018-2019. In the first step, 100 people were selected by Convenience sampling method. And King and Ammons (1990) emotional expression questionnaires and Hazen and Sheaver (1987) adult attachment scale were administered to them. That among them 24 people of the received higher scores from the cutting point according to the inclusion criteria and they were selected as the sample. And were randomly divided into two groups of 12 experimental and control. The experimental group received short-term Psychotherapy with an empathetic approach (Seruya, 1997) for 12 sessions ). Then post-test was performed in both groups. Data were analyzed by analysis of covariance and SPSS 20 software. The results showed that in the post-test stage, there is a significant difference between the score of positive emotion expression(F(1,21)= 4.78, p=0.04, Eta=0.201), negative emotion expression(F(1,21)= 4.78, p=0.04, Eta=0.204) and intimacy(F(1,21)= 5.364, p=0.03, Eta=0.22), anxiety attachment(F(1,21)= 8.81, p=0.007, Eta=0.296), experimental and control groups.


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