The effectiveness of short-term intensive Dynamic psychotherapy Interventions and twelve-step method in reducing drug temptation and reducing the Projective defense mechanisms of recovering addicts in Tehran province

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Health psychology, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island, Iran.

2 Full professor, Psychology department, Allameh Tabatabai University, Department of psychology, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island, Iran.

3 Department of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran


The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of short-term intensive dynamic psychotherapy interventions and the 12-step method in reducing drug temptation and reducing the projective defense mechanism of recovering addicts in Tehran province. The study method was pretest-posttest with experimental and control groups. The statistical population of the study consisted of all recovering addicts in Tehran province in 1399, of which 58 people (30 people in the intervention group and 28 people in the control group) were selected using purposive non-random sampling. Data were collected using the Defense Styles Questionnaire (DSQ-40) by Anders et al. (1993) and Wright craving (2003). Data were analyzed using univariate analysis of covariance. The results of univariate analysis of covariance showed that by controlling the effect of F-tests obtained on the variable mechanisms of projection and temptation "at the level of 0.05 is significant. In other words, there are significant differences in the post-test scores of these variables in the "experimental group" and the "control group". The results of univariate analysis of variance in the first to fourth hypotheses also showed the difference between the two intervention groups and the control group in the variables of drug temptation, defense mechanisms of denial, projection and splitting. It is concluded that short-term intensive scanning psychotherapy and the twelve-step method are effective in reducing drug temptation and reducing the projective defense mechanism of addicts.


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