Qualitative study of the implications of communicational, biological and psychological connections of Corona virus on families

Document Type : qualitative and quantitative studies


1 Psychology department, Education and Psychology faculty, university of Tehran, Iran

2 Afrooz Gholamali; Distinguished Professor,University of Tehran,Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor Of Psychology, Educational Sciences Department,Humanities faculty, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran

4 Assistant Professor, Department Of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University Of Tehran , Tehran, Iran


The high prevalence of the coronavirus has put the world in a dangerous position, and fear and anxiety have spread across the globe, leading to significant social and psychological damage around the world. The aim of this study was to qualitatively investigate the implications of communicational, biological and psychological connections of Corona virus on families. To achieve this goal, a qualitative approach and a descriptive phenomenological method were used. The statistical population of the study included the group with Covid-19 disease and the group with acceptable prevention of Covid-19 disease in Tehran. The sampling method was purposive. Thirteen patients (cured from the disease and non-sick) were selected as the sample. Data collection was done through semi-structured researcher-made interviews and data analysis was done by content analysis method. Klaizi seven-step method was used to analyze the data. The five main categories include intra-family relationships, negative feelings and emotions caused by illness, changes in the behavior of others (after social relationships), family disputes and lifestyle changes, and 24 subcategories and 100 free codes of research results. According to the results, it can be said that the design of psychological interventions to improve mental health during this epidemic should be done and also a community program of critical psychological intervention should be prepared and implemented to compensate for the devastating effects after Covid 19.


Abed Alah, M.  Abdeen, S., Kehyayan, V. (2020). The first few cases and fatalities of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of the World Health Organization: A rapid review. Journal of Infection and Public HealthIn press, corrected proofAvailable online, 1-6.
Ahmad Rad, F. (2020). Psychological dimensions of coronary crisis and educational methods to reduce it. Journal of Educational Psychology, 16 (56), 50-25.
Ali, A., Zaman, U., Mahmud, S., Kazi, M., Petri, W. A., Bhutta, Z., ... & Hughes, M. A. (2017). Impact of maternal respiratory infections on low birth weight-a community based longitudinal study in an urban setting in Pakistan. BMC pregnancy and childbirth17(1), 1-7.
Aliakbari Dehkordi, M., Eisazadeh, F., Aghajanbigloo, S. (2020). Psychological consequences of patients with coronavirus (COVID-19): A Qualitative Study. Iranian Journal of Health Psychology, 2(2), 9-20.
Cao, W., Fang, Z., Hou, G., Han, M., Xu, X., Dong, J., & Zheng, J. (2020). The psychological impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on college students in China. Psychiatry research287, 112934.
Chobdari, A., NikKho, F., Foladi, F. (2020). Psychological consequences of the new coronavirus (Covid 19) in children: A systematic review study. Educational Psychology, 16 (55), 68-55.
Farahati, M. (2020). Psychological consequences of the outbreak of coronavirus in society. Journal of Social Impact Assessment, 2, 225-207.
Hu, Y., Sun, J., Dai, Z., Deng, H., Li, X., Huang, Q., ... & Xu, Y. (2020). Prevalence and severity of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19): A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Virology127, 104371.
Imani Jajarmi, H. (2020). Social consequences of the outbreak of coronavirus in Iranian society. Social Impact Assessment, 1 (2), 103- 87.
Kalyanasundaram, S., Krishnamurthy, K., Sridhar, A., Narayanan, V. K., Santosh, A. B. R., & Rahman, S. (2020). Novel corona virus pandemic and neonatal care: it’s too early to speculate on impact!. SN Comprehensive Clinical Medicine, 1-7.
Klopfenstein, T., Kadiane-Oussou, N. J., Toko, L., Royer, P. Y., Lepiller, Q., Gendrin, V., & Zayet, S. (2020). Features of anosmia in COVID-19. Médecine et Maladies infectieuses50(5), 436-439.
Liu, C. Y., Yang, Y. Z., Zhang, X. M., Xu, X., Dou, Q. L., Zhang, W. W., & Cheng, A. S. (2020). The prevalence and influencing factors in anxiety in medical workers fighting COVID-19 in China: a cross-sectional survey. Epidemiology & Infection148- 159.
Liu, S., Yang, L., Zhang, C., Xiang, Y. T., Liu, Z., Hu, S., & Zhang, B. (2020). Online mental health services in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. The Lancet Psychiatry7(4), e17-e18.
Miller, M. A., & Cappuccio, F. P. (2021). A systematic review of COVID-19 and obstructive sleep apnoea. Sleep Medicine Reviews55, 101382.
Nieman, D. C. (2020). Coronavirus disease-2019: A tocsin to our aging, unfit, corpulent, and immunodeficient society. Journal of sport and health science9(4), 293-301.
Özmete, E., & Pak, M. (2020). The relationship between anxiety levels and perceived social support during the pandemic of COVID-19 in Turkey. Social Work in Public Health35(7), 603-616.
Sapkota, D., Søland, T. M., Galtung, H. K., Sand, L. P., Giannecchini, S., To, K. K., ... & Braz-Silva, P. H. (2021). COVID-19 salivary signature: diagnostic and research opportunities. Journal of Clinical Pathology74(6), 344-349.
Shadmehr, M., Ramak, N., & Sangani, A. (2020). The role of perceived stress in the health of people suspected of having Covid disease 19. Journal of Military Medicine, 22 (2), 121-115.
Upadhyay, J., Farr, O., Perakakis, N., Ghaly, W., & Mantzoros, C. (2018). Obesity as a disease. Medical Clinics102(1), 13-33.
Wu, Z., & McGoogan, J. M. (2020). Characteristics of and important lessons from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in China: summary of a report of 72 314 cases from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Jama323(13), 1239-1242.
Yao, H., Chen, J. H., & Xu, Y. F. (2020). Patients with mental health disorders in the COVID-19 epidemic.
Zangrillo, A., Beretta, L., Silvani, P., Colombo, S., Scandroglio, A. M., Dell'Acqua, A., ... & Tresoldi, M. (2020). Fast reshaping of intensive care unit facilities in a large metropolitan hospital in Milan, Italy: facing the COVID-19 pandemic emergency. Critical Care and Resuscitation22(2), 91-94.