schadenfreude and its relation with emotions and personality traits

Document Type : qualitative and quantitative studies


1 department of psychology, Ardabil branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran

2 PhD of Psychology, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Ardebil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardebil, Iran


Schadenfreude is a German word refers to pleasure at the misfortunes of others . Schadenfreude is a response to another’s failure, and is a commonly experienced emotion, facilitated by frequent interpersonal interaction. Schadenfreude is thought to be classified as self-conscious and moral emotion. Researcher s reveals at least three conditions in which it commonly arises. One condition is when observers gain from the misfortune. A second condition when another’s misfortune is deserved. A third condition when a misfortune befalls an envied person .The method of the study is qualitative and is a review study. Population of study is articles in the period 2015 to 2021 and the results of some articles were presented. Results of the researches showed that disliking, deservingless, and malicious envy predicted schadenfreude.and schadenfreude is in relation with some dark traid of personality. The reserchs showed that this emotion can be examined in relation to various psychological variables